Since 2015 excavations are being carried out on selected cemeteries in the Wadi Abu Dom. Particular attention is given to cemeteries where tumuli and medieval Christian “box graves” are associated with each other. The investigations are primarily for the purpose of detecting the transition phase from the post-Meroitic to the medieval era in the archaeological context. Not only are the structure of each tumulus and box grave as well as their grave goods examined, but also the skeletons are subjected to detailed anthropological analysis. Additionally, extensive soil samples are taken. This should make it possible not only to determine if there are any possible relationships among the buried individuals, but also to evaluate factors in the life circumstances at that time, such as nutrition etc.